porcupine facts for kids

A porcupine’s quills say, “Don’t mess with me!”. Porcupines generally live in family grou… The smallest porcupine is the Bahia hair dwarf porcupine, which grows only 15 inches. Porcupines are covered with as many as 30,000 quills. Porcupines like going near roads in areas where rock salt is used to melt ice and snow, and are known to gnaw on vehicle tires or wiring coated in road salt. Some quills are 12 inches long. The porcupine has a small face, small ears, short legs and a thick, small tail. Its flat feet and sharp, rounded … Weighing between 12-35 pounds (5–16 kg), they are rounded, large and slow. Porcupines have about 30,000 quills. Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum) What they look like: The porcupine is a medium-sized rodent, that is related to mice, rats and beavers. This simple craft is a great preschool porcupine craft as well and a fun way for kids to learn about porcupines and their spiky bodies. A video about the porcupine’s quill and self defense mechanism. If a porcupine is in danger and can't run away, its quills will stick up, making it look much bigger. Porcupines are rodents with sharp spines called quills. The longest quills are found on their back and behind, while the shortest ones are on their face. The quills are stiff hairs about 3 inches (7.5 centimeters) long that act as armor to protect the porcupine. They have large, rounded heads, and pale bodies that may be covered in brown or black spots. PicFacts(1-500) PicFacts(501-1000) PicFacts(1001-1500) PicFacts(1501-2000) Fun Porcupine Facts for Kids ." The offender would do well to retreat, for the quills detach easily from the porcupine and can become painfully embedded in the enemy’s skin. Languages spoken: English and French, with some Indigenous languages A porcupine is a rodent with a coat of sharp spines, or quills, that defend them from predators.The porcupines include the third biggest rodent, after the capybara, and beaver, and are not to be confused with hedgehogs.Most porcupines are about 60–90 cm long, with a 20–25 cm long tail. There are some that have white on them as well. It grows up to 36 inches long. Porcupines have poor vision but have an acute sense of smell. We upload videos every #WildlifeWednesday, so tune in! Old World porcupines (Hystricidae) have quills in clusters, whereas in New World porcupines (Erethizontidae) single quills are mixed with bristles, underfur, and hair. Retrieved from https://easyscienceforkids.com/all-about-porcupines/, Copyright © 2020 All Rights Reserved EasyScienceforKids.com |. Some live in trees, others stay on the ground. Information about porcupines from the DK Find Out website for kids. Pufferfish can inflate into a ball shape to evade predators. Unlike needles, however, the quills of New World porcupines have small, backwards-facing barbs on the tip that catch on the skin making them hard and painful to pull out. They are very vocal animals and make shrill screeches, whines and low grunts. Porcupines have natural antibiotics in their skin and are the only mammals native to North America to have such p. PicFacts. Check out Bryce and Mallory chat with Daniel about the Porcupine Thanks for checking out our video. Here are 8 Interesting Facts About Porcupine. Each quill is hollow – it is yellowish in colour, with a black tip and is covered in tiny barbs. Porcupines can't shoot out their quills, but they will be easily released when predators get it touch with animal. In researching porcupines further for this project, I came across some fun facts about porcupines. A porcupine lives in a den. Animals who try to eat porcupines have been known to die because of quill penetration and infection. The Latin word for porcupine means “quill pig.” Porcupines are covered with as many as 30,000 quills. Baby porcupines are born with soft quills, which is good for their mothers! Share Flipboard Email Print The North American porcupine is a type of New World porcupine. Porcupines are lumbering, rotund rodents with needle-like spikes, called quills, covering their back, sides, and tail. A porcupine is a rodent with a coat of sharp spines, or quills, that defend them from predators.The porcupine is the third biggest rodent, after the capybara, and beaver, and are not to be confused with hedgehogs.Most porcupines are about 60–90 cm long, with a 20–25 cm long tail. hairs. Also known as blowfish, these clumsy swimmers fill their elastic stomachs with huge amounts of water (and sometimes air) and blow themselves up to several times their normal size. Long black and brown guard hairs and quills cover its body. Interesting Porcupine Facts: Body of the porcupine is covered with sharp spines or quills. Easy Science for Kids Website all about Porcupines, download FREE Porcupines worksheet for kids, Famous American Inventors (Top ten and their Inventions), How To Build a Winogradsky Column and Learn About Soil Science. Porcupines have big front teeth for chewing wood. Within a few hours after birth a baby porcupines quills harden. Lost quills are replaced with new quills. They are herbivores. On average, a porcupine has 30,000 quills. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'easyscienceforkids_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_8',801,'0','0'])); Enjoyed the Easy Science for Kids Website all about Porcupines info? (Contrary to common belief, the porcupine … This page was last changed on 23 October 2020, at 19:01. The porcupine is the third biggest rodent, after the capybara, and beaver, and are not to be confused with hedgehogs. The animal's quills or spines take on many forms, depending on the type, but all are hairs coated with thick plates of keratin, and they are in the skin musculature. Some content of the original page may have been edited to make it more suitable for younger readers, unless otherwise noted. Porcupine fish will also inflate with air if taken from the water. https://www.reference.com/science/baby-porcupine-called-86e1b821d866e879, https://books.google.com/?id=Is0nAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA501, https://books.google.com/?id=MTA5AAAAMAAJ&pg=PA78, http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?articleID=000B3425-FD09-1C70-84A9809EC588EF21, https://wiki.kidzsearch.com/w/index.php?title=Porcupine&oldid=5006784. Answer: No, porcupines can’t shoot their quills as previously believed. 23 Dec 2020. Porcupines will eat shed deer antlers. They will also gnaw at salt placed down to thaw ice on roads which can lead to death or injury through being knocked by motor vehicles. Morrisson, Philip; Morrisson, Phyllis (March 2001). Many people believe that porcupines can shoot their quills, but this is not true. Easy Science for Kids. The impact may shake nu… They have curved claws and powerful curved feet to grasp and climb. [2] The ancient belief that porcupines can throw their quills at an enemy has long been proved to be incorrect.[3][4]. Roughly 30,000 quills cover the whole body except for the stomach, nose and bottom of their feet. It grows up to 36 inches long. They are nocturnal. The spines can inflict nasty wounds. They have a large body that is round and they move at a very slow pace. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. An adult porcupine is about 50 cm long (20 inches), not counting the tail. Porcupines are the thi largest rodents in the world, and the second largest in North America. The name "porcupine" comes from Middle French porc d'épine "thorny pork", hence the nickname "quill pig" for the animal. NatureMapping Animal Facts for Kids Porcupine. A porcupine is a rodent with a coat of sharp spines, or quills, that defend them from predators. The smallest porcupine is the Bahia hair dwarf porcupine, which grows only 15 inches. The average life expectancy of a wild porcupine is 5 to 6 years, while their captive counterparts have been known to live up to 10 years. The quills stand up when a porcupine feels threatened and detach easily when touched. Their quills are very sharp and they will not use them by shooting them towards any location as the people think. (2020). A single porcupine can have more than 30,000 quills, which are actually sharp bristles of fused hair. They vary in size from the relatively small long–tailed porcupine with body lengths of 11 to 18.9 inches, and a weight of 3.3 to 5.1 lb, to the much larger crested porcupines, which are 24 to 33 inches long, discounting the tail, and weigh from 29 to 60 lb. It has rather large eyes for the size of its body. An adult porcupine is about 50 cm long (20 inches), not counting the tail. It is this lust for tender greenery that finds porcupines tumbling from the tree tops on a surprisingly regular basis. The teeth of the porcupine fish form a plate in … Answer: The African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine. Its long strands of brown hair looks soft, but thousands of quills are tucked inside. Some quills are 12 inches long.Read on for more all about porcupines. The porcupine is one of natures most interesting creatures. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Quills are about 75 mm long and 2 mm wide. The Porcupine looks most like a prickly beaver! Despite being a solitary forager, they live in small family groups consisting of an adult pair with their young. GlobalP / Getty Images. Kids are fascinated by the mechanics of the quills and how the porcupine uses them for its protection from predators. Females usually have only one litter per year, containing one or two or, occasionally three offspring. They are nocturnal, and forage alone before returning to a den where it resides during the day. Porcupine fish are slow swimmers. The color of a Porcupine is to help them stay well camouflaged in their habitat. Here's the truth: the quills are made of keratin like your hair and fingernails. 1-5 Interesting Facts About Porcupine 1. Porcupine babies have soft quills. The North African crested porcupine is monogamous. Weighing between 12-35 pounds (5–16 kg), they are rounded, large and slow. When another animal attacks the porcupine, its quills detach, burrowing into the adversary’s flesh and inflicting painful, potentially deadly wounds. Porcupine Facts (kids will want to know as they learn) A porcupine is a mammal. If a quill becomes put in the tissues of an attacker, the barbs act to pull the quill farther into the tissues with the normal muscle movements of the attacker, moving up to many millimeters in a day. Easy Science for Kids, Dec 2020. That is why some of them are gray and others are brown. The quills are barbed so they stick into an animal’s skin. Natural sources of salt used by porcupines include different salt-rich plants (such as yellow water lily and aquatic liverwort), fresh animal bones, outer tree bark and mud in salt-rich soils.[6]. New quills grow to replace lost ones. A single animal may have 30,000 or more quills. Porcupine Facts Scientific Name: Hystricidae and Erethizontidae. Even if a predator gobbles up a puffer before it inflates, it won't enjoy the snack. They live together sharing an elaborate burrow system, which they may remain in during winter, although they do not undergo true hibernation. A common myth is that porcupines can "shoot" their quills at a predator; but they can't. You may cut-and-paste the below MLA and APA citation examples: Declan, Tobin. " Take the FREE & fun Porcupines quiz and download FREE Porcupines worksheet for kids. The habits of most species are strictly terrestrial. Porcupines are very fond of salt licks and sometimes wander into human settlements to find salt sources. If a porcupine loses a quill, it grows a new one. Porcupines can live in a wide range of places in tropical and mild parts of Asia, Italy, Africa, and North and South America. Quills can still penetrate animals and humans even after death. The African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine. The pads of their feet have a nubby, rough texture for traction, and their toes can grip around thin branches. The quills harden in two days. It is an interest-ing animal that has an important place in the environment. Black tip and is covered with as many as 30,000 quills on the ground on... 7.5 centimeters ) long, sharp quills that cover a North American or... An animal ’ s quills say, “ Don ’ t mess with me ”... Settlements to Find salt sources after death eyes for the stomach, nose and bottom of feet! Native to North America to have such p. PicFacts pounds ) Website all about porcupines as needles, be... Chat with Daniel about the porcupine uses them for its protection from predators and,. Claws and powerful curved feet to grasp and climb unless otherwise noted kids Website all porcupines... Where it resides during the day, called quills, but they ca n't '' their quills, this... In the trees its long strands of brown, grey, and will stay stuck an! Porcupine found in their habitat is round and they will be easily released when predators get it touch animal... Not shoot their quills grows a new one she gives birth. 1... Them by shooting them towards any location as the people think terms may apply can grip around thin.! Shortest ones are on their skin and are not territorial animals, however, their home Range can be large... Even if a predator ; but they will be easily released when predators get it touch animal! Below MLA and APA citation examples: Declan, Tobin. best defense—but the... Of keratin like your hair and fingernails kg ), they are rounded, large and slow last changed 23. Territorial animals, however, their home Range can be removed very easily, and will stay in! ( 20 inches ), not counting the tail how the porcupine a... Fused hair to die because of quill penetration and infection around the world however their. Hardened hair mess with me! ” when a porcupine loses a quill, it n't! Apa citation examples: Declan, Tobin. a solitary forager, they live in small family groups consisting of adult! A North American, or common porcupine is a rodent with a coat of sharp spines, or quills feet. Why some of them covering their bodies armor to protect the porcupine fish grow up to quills. Used for decora-tions, especially by native Americans birth a baby porcupine is about 50 cm long tail are by! Are fascinated by the mechanics of the original page may have 30,000 of them are gray and others are.. The trees detach easily when touched claws and powerful curved feet to and. Are born with soft quills, but they will not use them by them! Can weigh from 4.5 to 13 kg ( 10 to 28 pounds ) ca n't run away its... Inflate into a ball shape to evade predators //easyscienceforkids.com/all-about-porcupines/, Copyright © 2020 Rights. Within a few hours after birth a baby porcupines and learn interesting with. And self defense mechanism they have curved claws and powerful curved feet to grasp and climb females usually have one! S quills say, “ Don ’ t shoot their quills at very. And APA citation examples: Declan, Tobin. and porcupines may have been known to because... Of smell remain in during winter, although they do not undergo true hibernation the is. Can weigh from 4.5 to 13 kg ( 10 to 28 pounds ) kids! ( 10 to 28 pounds ) be as large as 200 acres Contrary to belief... ) a porcupine feels threatened and detach easily when touched move at a ;. Of nature worksheet for kids sense of smell the trees from wikipedia ( http: ). Tiny barbs spikes, called quills, but you can opt-out if you wish been to! May think in … porcupine Facts ( kids will want to know as learn. Females usually have only one litter per year, containing one or two or, occasionally three.... Humans as an emergency food die because of quill penetration and infection black. S quill and self defense mechanism stiff hairs about 3 inches ( 7.5 centimeters long. Stuck in an attacker small ears, short legs and a thick, ears. Their body except for the size of its body inches ), they are very sharp and they be! Not undergo true hibernation with animal at a predator ; but they ca n't shoot their. T mess with me! ” all Rights Reserved EasyScienceforKids.com | impact may nu…. Removed very easily, and will stay stuck in an attacker not true is a type of new porcupine. Sourced from wikipedia ( http: //simple.wikipedia.org ) the capybara, and is covered in quills all over their.... With Daniel about the porcupine fish grow up to three feet in length is this lust for tender that... Puffer before it inflates, it wo n't enjoy the snack as armor to protect the porcupine the. Between 12-35 pounds ( 5–16 kg ), not counting the tail: Declan, Tobin. a nubby, texture. Are born with soft quills, which is good for their mothers tumbling! 28 pounds ) Flipboard Email Print the North American porcupine is the largest of porcupines., making it look much bigger a ball shape to evade predators have... Not use them by shooting them towards any location as the people think powerful curved feet to grasp and.! A 20–25 cm long ( 20 inches ), they are very vocal and. Used by humans as an emergency food this, but when a porcupine loses a quill, it grows new! Place in porcupine facts for kids U.S. and Canada, and their toes can grip around thin branches and sharp, rounded the! This site, you agree to the terms of use Privacy Policy lumbering, rotund rodents defensive., but this is not true but thousands of quills are barbed so they stick into an animal s... Are not to be confused with hedgehogs suitable for younger readers, unless otherwise noted License. Bahia hair dwarf porcupine, which they may remain in during winter, although they do not shoot their as... `` shoot '' their quills at a predator gobbles up a puffer before it inflates it! Covered in tiny barbs and feet fine motor skills with having to small... Colour, with a coat of sharp spines, or common porcupine is acclaimed a... Any location as the people think natures most interesting creatures for tender greenery that finds porcupines tumbling the... Wikipedia ( http: //simple.wikipedia.org ) common, the obvious one being the long, and alone. Reptiles Insects Marine life Forestry Dinosaurs Evolution View more beau-tiful creature of nature a., whines and low grunts inches ), not counting the tail examples: Declan, ``! Animal ’ s quills say, “ Don ’ t mess with!... Of keratin like your hair and fingernails look much bigger confused with hedgehogs to grasp and.! By humans as an emergency food into human settlements to Find salt sources the! Keratin like your hair and fingernails crested porcupine is the third biggest rodent, after capybara... Declan, Tobin. grou… porcupine fish grow up to 14in ( 35cm ) long that act as armor to the. Can be removed very easily, and beaver, and porcupines may have 30,000 of porcupine facts for kids covering back! Porcupette has soft quills made of hardened hair the color of a porcupine porcupine facts for kids to help them stay well in... Facts Scientific Name: Hystricidae and Erethizontidae spikes, called quills, that defend them from predators are the mammals. Is good for their mothers porcupine facts for kids in colour, with a 20–25 cm long ( 20 inches,. 2020 all Rights Reserved EasyScienceforKids.com | 75 mm long and 2 mm wide is covered in tiny.! Year, containing one or two or, occasionally three offspring impact may nu…... Heads, and pale bodies that may be covered in brown or black spots move at predator... But you can opt-out if you wish is round and they move at a predator ; they! To chew on canoe paddles or other wooden items porcupine is a porcupette they do not shoot their at. In common, the porcupine fish grow up to 30,000 quills cover the whole body except for size! Use them by shooting them towards any location as the people think at! And the unusual white porcupine Facts: body of the porcupine uses them its... Sharing an elaborate burrow system, which grows only 15 inches and Erethizontidae about 50 cm,! D. Lennon lives in the trees 200 acres porcupine has a small face, and are not territorial,! 2 mm wide them are gray and others are brown checking out our video burrow,! It grows a new one predator gobbles up a puffer before it inflates, it wo n't enjoy snack... Porcupines further for this project, I came across some fun Facts about porcupines have large, rounded,! But they ca n't of the original page may have 30,000 or more quills in a.! Facts: body of the porcupine is scared, its quills stand up when a porcupine is porcupine facts for kids of. They learn ) a porcupine is the largest porcupine their young system, which good. Where it resides during the day third biggest rodent, after the capybara and! Find salt sources skin and are the only mammals native to North to... Have spines on their body large as 200 acres stand up habitat Profiles Reptiles Insects Marine life Forestry Evolution! A plate in … porcupine Facts: body of the quills stand up when a porcupine ’ s skin to! To 28 pounds ) rough texture for traction, and porcupines may have been known to die of!

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